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If you wish to be a writer,
Epictetus, 55 - 135
Greek Stoic philosopher

Citing Websites series

American Psychological Association style

Create your APA website citation: (Guidelines below)

General guidelines:

General format/sequence:
Author. (Date published if available; n.d.--no date-- if not). Title of article. Title of web site . Retrieved date. From URL.

    • Separate each item of the citation with a period and two spaces
    • Use hanging indents following the first line
    • List entries alphabetically by author, if no author list the title first


Landsberger, J. (n.d.). Citing Websites. In Study Guides and Strategies. Retrieved May 13, 2005, from

Remember to refer to your department or instructor
as to the

    • Type of style required
    • Any variations. For example,
      -whether to include the retrieval date
      -how to cite digitial object locators
      (.pdf's, images, Flash pieces, etc.)
    • Respective manuals for sequencing the list, for page notes, and for other detailed information
    • Refer to the Basics of APA Style Tutorial for updates on the 6th edition, as well as the various citation types and options.
Citation styles: 

AMA | APA | MLA | Chicago | Turabian/Harvard

Seven stages of writing assignments:

Index | Develop your topic (1) | Identify your audience (2) |
Research (3) | Research with notecards | Summarizing research |
Prewrite (4) | Draft/write (5) | Revise (6) | Proofread (7)

Flash exercise contributed by Jordan Noll and Dr. Brad Hokanson, Interactive Media (DHA 4384) School of Design, University of Minnesota. Adapted and revised by Joe Landsberger